Types And Uses Of Building Materials In Construction

Construction material refers to any material used in construction. Construction materials include wood, concrete, mortar, clay, aggregates of metals, bricks, concrete, and clay. These materials are chosen according to their cost-effectiveness in building projects. To build buildings, you can use many naturally occurring materials like clay, sands, or wood as well as rocks and even twigs. Other than naturally occurring materials, man-made products are available, some more synthetic than others. Building materials are a well-established industry in many countries. Their use is often segmented into special trades, such as carpentry and plumbing. This document focuses on habitats as well as structures such as homes. Bisley Chemicals is one of the finest producers of raw materials for construction and industrial use.

Natural Construction Materials

The two main types of construction material can be categorized as natural and synthetic. Natural materials refer to those materials that aren’t subject to any processing or minimally used by industry. Synthetic materials can only be produced in an industrial setting after much human manipulation, such as plastics or petroleum-based painting. Both have different uses. These are the most fundamental materials. They can be used in tents made of fabric or skins as well as tents made out of other flexible materials such as cloth and skins. People from all walks of the planet have used these materials to build homes that meet their local climate.


Nomadic communities around the world used the tent to be their choice of home. The circular yurt and the conical-shaped teepee are both well-known. It is a popular construction method that has been revived thanks to the invention of tensile technology and synthetic fabric. They can also be supported by internal (air-pressure) steel cables.

Clay And Mud

Different types of buildings can be derived from different amounts of each material. The quality and quantity of the soil being used are often key factors. A higher proportion of clay means that you should use the cob/adobe styling, while low-clay soil will be used for soil building. Other key ingredients include sand/gravel and straw/grasses. Clay and soil, in particular, are great thermal mass. They can keep temperatures at the same level. Homes constructed with earth will naturally be cooler in the summer heat, and warmer in the cold. Clay is capable of holding heat or releasing it over time.


Rock structures have existed as long ago as history can tell. It is the longest-lasting building material and is most commonly available. There are many types and grades of rock, each with its strengths and weaknesses. Rock is a dense substance that offers a lot of protection. However, its main drawback is its awkwardness and weight. Stone’s energy density is another disadvantage. Without using large amounts of heat resources, stone can be difficult to keep warm. Since humans first put stones on top, dry-stone walls have been in existence for a long time.


Concrete is a compound material that is made up of aggregates (composite), cement, and other binder materials. Portland cement concrete, the most widely used type of concrete, is made from mineral aggregate (generally stone and sand). After mixing, cement hydrates and eventually forms a stone-like product. This is the concrete that is commonly used as cement. Concrete of any size can be strengthened with steel rods, bars, or other metals (known collectively as rebars) because it has a very low tensile force. This concrete is called reinforced concrete. A vibrator is used for removing any air bubbles which could weaken the structure. Concrete is the preferred material for modern times because it is durable, easy to transport, and has a long life span.


Metal can be used for external surfaces coverings or structural frameworks in tall buildings such as skyscrapers. There are many types and uses for the metal in construction. Steel, a metallic alloy whose main component is iron and used for structural building constructions, is the most commonly used. It is strong and flexible. If it is properly refined and/or maintained, it can last a lifetime. For metal, corrosion is the greatest enemy in terms of longevity. Higher costs can be overcome by the better corrosion resistance and lower density of aluminum alloys.